Screening, Detection and Prevention
People with a strong family history of sarcomas or other cancers occurring at a young age may wish to discuss the benefits and disadvantages of genetic testing with their doctor. The genetic testing results should always be explained by a genetic counselor or a specially trained doctor who can interpret the results and advise high-risk patients about early cancer detection.
Families with a history of certain inherited conditions caused by mutated tumor suppressor genes have an increased risk of developing soft tissue sarcomas. The mutated genes can be detected by genetic testing, so family members should discuss this option with their doctors. They should let their doctor know about any lumps or growths right away.
No screening tests and exams are recommended for people who have no family history of sarcoma or other sarcoma risk factors. For these people, the best approach to early detection is to notify their health care professional of any unexplained lumps or growths or other symptoms that may be caused by a soft tissue sarcoma.
Source: American Cancer Society - Can soft tissue sarcomas be found early?.
PreventionWhat causes soft tissue sarcomas? Scientists still don't know exactly what causes most cases of soft tissue sarcoma.
What causes Osteosarcoma? The exact cause of most osteosarcomas is not known.
The only way to prevent some sarcomas is to avoid exposure to risk factors whenever this is possible. However, most sarcomas develop in people with no known risk factors, so there is no way known at this time to prevent most cases. And for people receiving radiation therapy, there is usually little choice.