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Please call 734-647-8906 (Monday-Friday, 8am-5pm EST). To refer a patient, please contact our M-Line service: 800-962-3555.

Gynecologic Cancers

Every woman is at risk for developing a gynecologic cancer

Several main types of cancer affect a woman's reproductive organs:

  • cervical cancer / cancer of the cervix
    Most cervical cancers begin in the cells lining the cervix. There are 2 main types of cervical cancers: squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. About 80% to 90% of cervical cancers are squamous cell carcinomas.

  • fallopian tube
    In this cancer, tumors develop from cells inside the fallopian tubes. Cancer of the fallopian tubes is very rare. Fallopian tube cancer and ovarian cancer have similar symptoms.

  • ovarian
    Ovarian cancer is cancer that begins in the ovaries. Ovaries are reproductive glands found only in women. There are three types of ovarian cancer: eptithelial (most common), germ cell and stromal cell.

  • uterine / cancer of the endometrium
    Uterine sarcoma is a cancer of the muscle and supporting tissues of the uterus (womb). Types of uterine sarcoma: endometrial stromal sarcoma, undifferentiated sarcomas and uterine leiomyosarcomas.

  • sarcoma of the uterus
    The vulva is the outer part of the female genitals. A rare kind of gynecological cancer.

  • vaginal
    The vagina is sometimes called the birth canal. The vagina goes from the cervix (the lower part of the uterus) to open up at the vulva (the external genitals). Types of cancer of the vagina: squamous cell cancer, adenocarcinoma, melanoma, sarcoma.

  • vulvar
    The vulva is the outer part of the female genitals. A rare kind of gynecological cancer.

Gestational trophoblastic diseases
Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) is a group of rare tumors that involve abnormal growth of cells inside a woman's uterus. GTD does not develop from cells of the uterus like cervical cancer or endometrial (uterine lining) cancer do. Instead, these tumors start in the cells that would normally develop into the placenta during pregnancy. Most GTDs are benign (non-cancerous) and they don't invade deeply into body tissues or spread to other parts of the body. But some are cancerous.

Still have questions?

The nurses at Cancer AnswerLine™ have answers. Call 1-800-865-1125 and you'll get a personal response from one of our registered nurses, who have years of experience in caring for people with cancer.

 

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